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Dear Bankless Nation,

Solana has taken a beating after catching outsized heat from both the FTX implosion and SEC crypto crackdown.

Today, we revisit our November 2022 article charting the network's outlook. Have things gotten any less grim? Let's dig in.

- Bankless team

Solana: Seven Months After FTX

Bankless Writer: Ben Giove
Image: The Simpsons

Is Solana dead?

This was a question we asked back in November 2022 in the weeks following the collapse of FTX. Our takeaway was that despite the carnage, Solana was going to make it. The network had withstood a significant stress test, and was backed up by a strong community and NFT ecosystem.

Have things changed in the seven months since?

Let’s take another look at the Solana ecosystem and see if we can find an answer to that question.

Regulators attack!

Solana has been anything but immune to the SEC’s crypto crackdown. SOL has been caught in the regulatory crossfire, with the SEC alleging in its lawsuits against Binance and Coinbase that the asset, along with an assortment of other tokens, is a security.

The token has sold off nearly 30% in the two weeks since the announcement of the suits, with centralized exchanges like Robinhood and Bakkt having already delisted the asset to avoid direct regulator conflict. It’s unclear how long it will take to get clarity on whether SOL is indeed a security, with a potential years-long legal battle looming. For comparison, Ripple has been fighting its case for nearly two and a half years.

It’s possible that this uncertainty could constrain capital from investing into the Solana ecosystem as well as eat into the resources of the Solana Foundation. Furthermore, should it be delisted by other centralized exchanges, it may also weigh on the price of SOL over the short-to-medium term.

Alameda Overhang

The SEC is not the only entity haunting the Solana ecosystem, the ghosts of FTX and Alameda Research continue to loom large.

Per research from Delphi Digital, 8.2% of the SOL supply is locked by Alameda, and has an average unlock date of mid-2025. These tokens are now subject to bankruptcy proceedings, meaning that they are likely to be sold in an attempt to recoup losses and make creditors whole. This may not weigh on the price of SOL in the short-run, as we are roughly two years from when the brunt of tokens are set to vest, but does represent a significant medium-term headwind.

However, it may also still cause some chaos in the near-term, as it has prompted discussions of a hard fork in order to burn Alameda’s tokens. This could pose a serious threat to Solana’s credible neutrality, as it establishes a precedent of arbitrarily confiscating assets from tokenholders. Now, this seems firmly in the “discussion” phase. However, as we’ve seen in Bitcoin and Ethereum, pushes to fork can often take on lives of their own and cause chaos and division within a community.

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Builder community holding

Despite a cocktail of long-term uncertainty hanging over it, the network has seen pockets of opportunity thanks to new projects on the horizon.

That said, the metrics are still trending downwards amid a deepening bear for the network's growth areas. Since our last article, SOL-denominated TVL has decreased from 20.93M to 16.42M – an over 20% decrease. The network currently boasts the 11th highest TVL among all networks at $253.6M.

While total active wallets on the network have taken a major hit, with its 7-day moving average (7DMA) down some 40% to 235.1k since the end of November, non-vote transactions have inched upwards, with the 7DMA up 7% in the same time frame.

Solana’s NFT ecosystem has remained a bright spot of innovation for the network despite a broader slowdown in NFT volumes. Per CryptoSlam, Solana facilitated $39.4M in NFT trading volumes over the past month, the third highest of any network, behind Ethereum and, more notably, Bitcoin, which has seen a rapid explosion in interest with Ordinals.

A much hyped catalyst for Solana is the upcoming launch of Firedancer, a client developed by Jump Crypto. The client would be the network's third alongside the Solana Labs client and Jito-Solana client. Firedancer is highly anticipated due to the immense scalability benefits that it could bring to Solana. In a recent performance demo, validators running Firedancer were able to process more than 1 million transactions per second (TPS), far exceeding the processing capabilities of any blockchain in production today (including Layer 2s). A successful production rollout could position Solana as a go-to chain for building high-throughput, computationally intensive applications.

The Verdict

So... is Solana dead?

Between the SEC suit and Alameda unlocks, Solana still faces significant challenges as it recovers from a truly brutal 2022.

Solana is dealing with plenty of bearish sentiment, as are many other alt-L1s – including those also mentioned in the SEC's latest suits. But, despite general slowdowns across DeFi and NFT volumes, don't count the network out quite yet.  🏴


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*Data from 6/19 1:00 pm EST (DeFi Index = $DPI, NFT Index = $Blue-Chip-10)

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